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Posts Tagged ‘ubuntu’

Linux Mint

I have now been a Linux user for a while. Working on Fedora in my lab and Ubuntu on my laptop, I find both comfortable. I prefer Ubuntu on my laptop because, I liked it to be simple and clean. And als0 I like the install command, sudo apt-get install guake, for example.

One day I saw my friend working on his laptop. He too was on Ubuntu but it read Ultimate Ubuntu. A quick google search brought me to the new world of Ubuntu. I never knew that there were Linux distros which were based on Ubuntu! Wow! So many flavors, t hat can leave any newbie confused.

I searched for “Top 10 Ubuntu based distros”, and found this. Since I liked the idea of Ubuntu Ultimate, which came with all the softwares we required preinstalled, we liked it.Β  So I first switched to Ubuntu Ultimate from Plain Ubuntu 8.10. I was running on 64bit OS, and it was pretty much heating up my laptop. I had also downloaded the iso for Linux Mint and gOS, as they sounded cool. I like Linux Mint and did not like gOS.

I installed Linux Mint first on my friend’s laptop and I fell in love with it! I had never had such a linux experience! Everything simply worked out of the box! I had always wanted to have a provision to backup and also restore the computer whenever I screwed it up like in windows. You ask for it and Linux Mint had it.

Since I stay in a hostel and don’t have easy internet connection, it is expected to have essential softwares like rhythmbox, vlc, amarok, mplayer and the required codecs preinstalled. Yes, Linux mint was the obvious choice for everyone in the hostel, who were interested in Linux.

It’s been a week, now since I installed Linux Mint and everything is cool and awesome. And till now I must have installed it on some 10 other laptops of my friends! It’s the Mint revolution! Waiting for Jauty and Gloria!

P.S. Jaunty refers to 9.04 Ubuntu – Jaunty Jackalope and Gloria refers to Linux Mint 7 which is based on Jaunty. I wish to see the windows 7 kind of taskbar in Linux now.

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The next best thing to happen to my Ubuntu was the setting up of compiz fusion. It just add some great new features in some real cool fashion. The first thing after having my graphics up and running was to google about compiz-fusion.

Forlong’s Blog had everything that was required to be done.

First Things First

I had to install the ccsm, that is the Compiz Config Settings Manager.

sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager

Note internet connection or some source for repositories required for the above code to work. And it has to be typed in the terminal.

Next ccsm, had to opened.Typing ccsm in the terminal opens the Compiz Config Settings Manager. Here we have a lot of options which are called plugins. To find what we need, we have the filter box, which filters the plugins based on the search string.

Get the Cube! (more…)

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Finally, made the switch. I am now entirely a linux user. Of course, I do have Windows installed on the Laptop, and don’t have plans of uninstalling it. I use Windows once in a blue moon.

I will share in this post with you my experiences and hindrances I faced (and to date facing) while using Linux.

The distro I use is Ubuntu Hardy. I work on my HP-Compaq Presario CQ50 laptop which has an AMD Athlon X2 64 bit. When I was at home, there was no problem. Just plug in the ethernet cable, connect to the internet and install the required software using apt-get or synaptics.

But after coming to college it’s not that easy. I can access Internet only via a proxy. Hence even if I plug the cable into my laptop, I need to connect to a different server and use internet on it. Hence my laptop is not ‘directly’ connected to the internet. Hence

sudo apt-get install <package>

simply won’t work. I have to manually download packages, copy it to my laptop from the other account on the server and then install. If there are any missing dependencies, then I have to hunt them up again.

I figured out that there were repos available on the college lan. That’s good, and that should do. But unfortunately, the repos were of i386 binary. I needed amd 64 bit repos. 😦 Can’t use those repos either.

So, chuck that for now. I will go home at the end of this semester and get all I need.

The next thing I notice is that my laptop doesn’t have a proper sound driver for Ubuntu. The sound is all cracked up and popping. So it isn’t a nice idea to run multimedia on Ubuntu. That helps in some ways for now. πŸ˜€

And, my wireless. The red glow never turns blue in Ubuntu Hardy. So can’t use wireless either. Again it is because of the absence of some driver or other, which can be installed only with a direct internet connection. Well, it’s ok for now.

The most irritating problem I face is regarding the touchpad. There is some malfunctioning with it (of course on Ubuntu). Doesn’t entirely work the way it is intended to work.

Now that’s too much of problems. I look at them as challenges rather than trouble. It has made me read a lot on a lot of topics. It’s made me wiser.

If it was on Windows, just a click and it would have repaired everything itself. It would have never let us properly know, what was wrong and how it was rectified. For the comman man that may be more than what he would have expected. Well, not for me, cause I am not the comman man, I hate to be just the comman man.

Currently I am typing out this post from Ubuntu, and I am happy for choosing Ubuntu over Windows. It’s free, safe and beautiful. πŸ™‚

P.S. : Waiting for October 10th, waiting for Ubuntu Intrepid. Hope it will put an end to my woes.

Please don’t come to the conclusion that this post is some sort of negative campain for Linux. In fact I love Linux. I have just tried to tell all of you that, when starting to use Linux, everyone shall face some problem or the other. Don’t be a coward and move back to Windows. Face them and Learn from them.

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One of the most important reason for me to not stick with ubuntu initially was because, I had no idea of how to access internet from ubuntu. Today I learned how to do it.

It wouldn’t be a great idea if I didn’t blog about it, right!

I have a broad band connection at home. ADSL internet connection using an ethernet PPPoE modem. Read on ADSL and PPPoE from wikipedia.

So soon, I have my laptop running and plug in the internet cable from the modem. I log into ubuntu and open the terminal.

How to Access the Terminal?

Press Alt+F2, and then type gnome-terminal. Press enter, and you have your terminal running.

Alternative: Applications>Accessories>Terminal

Configuring PPPoE

1. Type sudo pppoeconf into the terminal.

2. You get something called a text based menu program. It guides you through the remaining steps. What you basically do is, confirm if your ethernet card is detected. Then your provide your username and password for authentication. Keep pressing Yes through the remaining steps.

Note: Password will be displayed as ordinary text. So make sure, no one is peeping from behind!

3. Finally you will be asked if you want to establish connections. Of course that’s the whole purpose right!

4. The menu goes off, and this info appears on the terminal. Plugin rp-pppoe.so loaded.

Starting the Connection

Now just one more command between you and internet. That command is pon.

sudo pon dsl-provider.

Done. Open firefox, and oh! well you know what to do!.

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Finally Ubuntu!

Yeah guys. Finally, I have got a laptop (HP Compaq Presario CQ50) for myself with Ubuntu 8.04 installed! I installed it myself! (Of course, under the supervision of my father, so that I don’t screw up stuffs again. πŸ˜€ ). Well, it isn’t entirely Ubuntu, of course there is Vista Home Premium installed.

I haven’t worked with Ubuntu before, only Fedora (no super powers 😦 , I mean no root access). There are some differences in the way you get to execute commands. In Fedora you have the substitute user (su) command. (Some call it the super user command). The su command is used to log into another account without actually logging out from the account you have initially logged in. So you type in the root (the god or the administrator) password, and gain system wide access to do anything you wish to do. This is a level of security, as only if you log as root can you cause drastic screwing up. But if you forget to log out of root, and absent mindedly set a command to do something naughty, BHAM!, there goes your system.

In Ubuntu, we have theΒ sudo command. This ensures that you run certain commands as root. If I jump into the details I might start boring you. There are many other documents that have interesting tutorials for Ubuntu. Well, got one point to start loving Ubuntu over Fedora and Windows. It’s secure.

Well, I am what I am, so I just can’t avoid messing up things even with all this security. I wished to get high level graphics, and hence downloaded some drivers from the internet (Yes! Thanks to Papa, I am indeed accessing internet on Ubuntu. Finally I can now stick to Linux! (Meeting GNU/Linux, read the post-script). Ubuntu wanted me to restart, I obliged, and then? Display won’t work! Yes, successfully screwed up the display! My dad, quickly came to the rescue. He said he could recover it, using the recovery mode, but I had other plans. I wanted to install Ubuntu myself once (That’s how I ended up installing Ubuntu in the first place!).

Ubuntu back on track and am still looking for new ideas to screw it. πŸ˜€

So what next?

The most obvious thing was watching some movie on linux, but I thought otherwise. Let me learn some shell scripting. And that’s what is keeping me busy now.

More on shell scripting the next time!

P.S.: Want to know more. Here’s more :Β Tux Magazine

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